Nitrate, nitrite, and its impact on the human body
Nitrate and nitrite are two nitrogenous substances that occur naturally in water, soil, fruit, and vegetables. Due to their ability to add an appealing color to meat products, they are often used as an additive in meat-based foods such as charcuterie, bacon, and sausages.
However, both nitrite and nitrate can harm the human body. In high amounts, they can be directly harmful to your health. Nitrate can convert into nitrite, and the nitrite can, with the help of contact with amino acids, form nitrosamines. Nitrosamines are a collection of chemically related substances that can cause the formation of carcinogenic substances. For nitrate specifically, high levels can cause the disease Methemoglobinemia, also called "blue baby syndrome" which tends to affect infants. Methemoglobinemia also means that the nitrate is converted to nitrite in the body, which can reduce the body's ability to deliver oxygen to its tissues. Lack of oxygen can lead to bluish skin, breathing difficulties, and, in the worst case, cause infant death.
How to avoid harmful intake of nitrate and nitrite
To reduce the unhealthy levels of nitrate and nitrite, it is important not to overconsume foods that contain high levels of these substances, such as nitrate-rich vegetables and processed meat products. Foods containing nitrate can be boiled or steamed, and you can also decrease the unhealthy levels of nitrate in your tap water with different kinds of water treatments.
With our unique Geiger counter Soeks Ecovisor F4, you can easily measure the nitrate and nitrite levels in your food products and avoid the risk of ingesting too high a dose of the chemical substances. You can also measure and check the nitrate levels of your tap water to ensure a healthy lifestyle.
Contact us if you want to know more about the Soeks Ecovisor F4.